Hollandse Fluit (Dutch Flute ship)

1595
Netherlands
The Dutch Flute ship was a freighter for European shipping, mainly for the transport of bulk goods on northern routes. Contrary to the pinnace the strakes of the hull did not end against a flat escutcheon but were bent around the stern. The buoyancy of the stern and the capacity to carry a heavy superstructure aft was much less because of that, but on the other hand the round stern caused much less drag.
The flute ship came into being at the end of the 16th century. A larger cargo capacity only seemed possible by scaling up, resulting in a deeper draught and less manageable rigging. All this was going against the transport market trend of shallower draught (farther inshore) and at much lower cost (smaller crew). The flute ship was born from experience with coasters such as the smack, herring boat and fly-boat which met these demands perfectly. Built at Hoorn in 1595 for the first time, it satisfied the requirements so well that it soon became the most important freighter in Europe.